By Jessica Smith
There's a cluster of 3 Lezgi villages within the Đsmayıllı district of Azerbaijan that's separated by way of the Caucasus Mountains from the 3 major Lezgi dialects—Standard (SL), Axti (AL), and Quba (QL) Lezgi. This examine areas Đsmayıllı Lezgi (IL) one of the different dialects by means of evaluating the various kinds’ attributes.
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Extra info for PLACING iMAYILLI LEZGI AMONG THE LEZGI DIALECTS
Taxaytˈa/ /tˈʔaχaytˈa/ ‘or’ c. /partal/ /pˈaltˈar/ ‘clothes’ So, we see the following set of correlations occur between IL and SL ejectives and unaspirated stops: 50 Correlation strength SL IL ejective↔unaspiration weak /qˈuʃun/ /qɯʃɯn/ ‘army’ ejective↔ejective strong /qˈil/ /qˈil/ ‘head’ non-ejective50↔ejective weak /qˈynt/ /qˈyntˈ/ ‘elbow’ Since the SL transcriptions do not mark aspiration, it is impossible to make that distinction. It is also impossible to determine whether there is a correlation between SL and IL aspiration/non-aspiration.
While examples from texts were preferred to examples from elicitations, paradigms or wordlists, these elicited examples were also useful in comparing SL and IL morphology. Noun cases are carefully glossed in example sentences in this chapter, whereas glossing of other elements is more informal. 2 Noun Cases Lezgi noun morphology is complex, nouns being marked for number and 18 cases. It uses an ergative/absolutive system and also marks dative and genitive cases. Other cases have a variety of locative meanings as well as non-locative meanings such as temporal, instrumental, or causal.
Table 8: Phonemic differences Unique to SL Unique to IL labialized consonants /ʕ/ /ʁ/ /ɣ/ /ʤ/ /ɯ/ /ɵ/ /o/ The strongest correlations between IL and SL phonemes are between matching segments. One strong correlation (between SL /ʁ/ and IL /ɣ/) occurs between phonemes that do not exist in the other dialect. Weak correspondences of mismatched phonemes occur; however, they usually share similar qualities such as place of articulation or rounding. These weak correspondences affect a relatively smaller number of forms compared to correlations between the same phonemes in SL and IL.