By Armin Schwegler
The sequence is a platform for contributions of every kind to this speedily constructing box. basic difficulties are studied from the viewpoint of person languages, language households, language teams, or language samples. Conclusions are the results of a deepened learn of empirical info. detailed emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose research may well shed new gentle on long-standing difficulties ordinarily linguistics.
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Additional resources for Analyticity and Syntheticity: A Diachronic Perspective With Special Reference to Romance Languages
135, emph. mine). Sapir (pp. 135-136) establishes the following three degrees of affixation: (1) ANALYTIC: A language that does not combine concepts into single words at all (Chinese) or does so economically (English, French). In an analytic language the sentence is always of prime importance, the word is of minor interest. (2) SYNTHETIC: In a synthetic language (Latin, Arabic, Finnish) the concepts cluster more thickly, the words are more richly chambered, but there is a tendency, on the whole, to keep the range of concrete significance in the single word down to a moderate compass.
With respect to these upcoming developments and the Neogrammarian school, Sapir, in his much celebrated book Language (1921), became a transitional figure between the old and new. , the matrix presentation of language features [see below]), which in their basic conception announced future structuralism. 37 He, therefore, distinguishes not one but three separate axes of classification: (1) grammatical concepts, (2) grammatical processes, and (3) firmness of affixation. This third, and most important distinction in our discussion, concerns 'the relative firmness with which the affixed elements are united with the core of the word' (p.
Such a limitation is apparent in Romance languages, where word position not only expresses relationships which in other languages are expressed by case inflections, but may also be a factor determining the meanings of individual words in context Thus Krámsky reminds us that 'in French, the criterion of displaceability is not valid in the sequence les braves gens "good people," because when we displace the words to form les gens braves we obtain another meaning: "brave people"' (1969:23). Numerous other such examples could be cited from all other Romance languages.