By Ljubov Z. Sova
Translated from Russian
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Clients of average languages have many observe orders with which to encode an identical truth-conditional that means. They opt for contextually acceptable strings from those some ways with little unsleeping attempt and with powerful communicative effects. prior computational versions of while English audio system produce non-canonical notice orders, like topicalization, left-dislocation and clefts, fail.
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This special quantity attracts at the theoretical framework and methodological instruments of dialog research to ascertain interactional competence and its improvement because it happens in a number interactional practices, from numerous contexts, and in numerous moment languages.
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233 – 234]. 2. ” Are all the scholars, speaking about the 2 We describe other meanings of this term in chapter III. )? 3. Let us begin ab ovo – from Syntax by A. Dyscolus [11. 3 Based on these two types of the rules, it is possible to establish two systems of bonds in every sentence:4 1) semantic bonds between the parts of a sentence (that is, relationships between the parts of a sentence, which are determined by the meaning of every part of a sentence) and 2) formal bonds between the parts of a sentence (that is, relationships between the parts of a sentence, which are conditioned by the mutual coordination or mutual non-coordination of the forms of the parts of a sentence).
L’expression grammaticale de l’inhérence est l’accord... La relation est un rapport entre deux objects extérieurs l’un à l’autre... Ce sont des raisons purement psychologiques qui font choisir l’un des termes comme thème et l’autre comme objet de l’énoncé... La relation est marquée linguistiquement par la syntaxe de rection” [246. 50–52]. 3) “The opposition of agreement, government and parataxis is constructed on the basis of the correlation of the forms of words having entered into a bond” [167.
Therefore, from the possibilities analyzed above, the first is eliminated, the second remains. And this means that the analysis of both definitions of the sentence as the characteristics of the same object compels us to consider both definitions as derivatives from the same basic element. For 18 instance, if the word-form is defined in terms of the word, then, characterizing the sentence as a derivative from the word-form (“a sentence is a chain of word-forms making sense”), we are in fact defining it as the derivative of a word (although in the cited example this is not expressed in a clear form).