By Laurie Bauer
Книга An creation to overseas kinds of English An advent to foreign different types of English Книги Иностранные языки Автор: Laurie Bauer Год издания: 2003 Формат: pdf Издат.:Edinburgh collage Press Страниц: a hundred and sixty Размер: 1,7 ISBN: 0748613382 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Covering sorts of English spoken in Britain, the united states, Canada, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and the Falkland Islands, this booklet indicates how the foremost nationwide sorts of English have constructed and why related motives have given upward push to assorted results in numerous elements of the area.
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In Scottish English the word houses is usually /haυsz/. • Southern Hiberno-English frequently replaces the dental fricatives in words like thin and that with dental plosives. Exercises 1. 4. Look at any two sectors in the diagram and provide a critique of the ﬁgure as it stands. 2. Consider the two maps provided on pages 30–1, one showing the 02 pages 001-136 6/8/02 1:26 pm Page 29 ENGLISH BECOMES A WORLD LANGUAGE 29 places in the Atlantic states of the US where bristle is pronounced with [ ] in the ﬁrst syllable (from Kurath and McDavid 1961: Map 59), and the other places in England where bristle was traditionally pronounced either with [ ] or with [υ] in the ﬁrst syllable (based on Kolb et al.
Yes, you ought. Yes, you ought to. (14) You didn’t ought to do that. You oughtn’t to do that. You oughtn’t do that. (15) Ought we to send for the police? Ought we send for the police? (16) I ought to know the answer to that, oughtn’t I? I ought to know the answer to that, shouldn’t I? I ought to know the answer to that, didn’t I? The various patterns are not all well described. According to Quirk et al. (1985: 139-40), ought without to is preferred by both British and American informants in interrogatives and negatives, and didn’t ought is not readily used.
In this chapter we will go on to consider ways in which varieties of English around the world have acquired new words, some of which (but not all of which) will be recognised in Britain. The use of the words marks a text as belonging to a particular variety only if the words are concentrated in the text. 1 Borrowing from aboriginal languages The most obvious source of new words for new things in the colonial environment was clearly the language of the people who were already on the spot. ’ and being told ‘I don’t know what you mean’ and using the word for ‘I don’t know what you mean’ as the name for the new object, there are no authenticated examples of this happening: generally people seem to have made themselves understood well enough.