American Cinema of the 1960s: Themes and Variations (Screen

The profound cultural and political alterations of the Nineteen Sixties introduced the USA toward social revolution than at the other time within the 20th century. the rustic fragmented as a number of demanding situations to country strength have been met with expanding and violent resistance. The chilly conflict heated up and the Vietnam struggle divided americans. Civil rights, women's liberation, and homosexual rights additional emerged as major social matters. loose love was once celebrated at the same time the last decade was once marked via assassinations, mass murders, and social unrest.

At an identical time, American cinema underwent radical switch besides. The studio approach crumbled, and the creation Code used to be changed via a brand new scores procedure. one of the demanding situations confronted by means of the movie was once the dawning shift in theatrical exhibition from city facilities to surburban multiplexes, a rise in runaway productions, the increase of self sufficient manufacturers, and festival from either tv and overseas paintings movies. Hollywood video clips grew to become extra cynical, violent, and sexually specific, reflecting the altering values of the time.

In ten unique essays, American Cinema of the Sixties examines a number movies that characterised the last decade, together with Hollywood videos, documentaries, and self sufficient and experimental movies. one of the movies mentioned are Elmer Gantry, The residence, West facet tale, The Manchurian Candidate, To Kill a Mockingbird, Cape worry, Bonnie and Clyde, 2001: an area Odyssey, nighttime Cowboy, and simple Rider.

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Additional info for American Cinema of the 1960s: Themes and Variations (Screen Decades: American Culture/American Cinema)

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Captain Wade Hunnicut (Robert Mitchum) is a Texas land baron presiding over a rural town and his alienated family. At the heart of the film is the question 1960 — MOVIES AND INTIMATIONS OF DISASTER AND HOPE 27 of legitimacy. The issue is most obviously manifest in the attempt by Wade’s younger son to recognize his illegitimate half-brother; the more profound relates to the legitimacy of male property rights and the patriarchal capitalist order, with Theron Hunnicut (George Hamilton) representing the male child at first embracing, then rejecting, then becoming the logical consequence of patriarchy.

Its success opened the doors of perception in Hollywood for the counterculture, initiating a flurry of new youth-oriented films in the next decade. Easy Rider ends with the sudden and shocking death of its two protagonists, shot by rednecks who disapprove of their difference. The scene captures the degree to which in the 1960s the country seemed so divided. “A man went looking for America, and couldn’t find it anywhere,” proclaimed INTRODUCTION 21 The promise of freedom and its betrayal made Easy Rider (Dennis Hopper, Columbia, 1969) a surprise countercultural hit.

The Production Code Administration allowed onscreen depictions of homosexuality in 1961, although they were to be treated with “care, discretion, and restraint” (Benshoff 280). In 1964 the Association of Motion Picture and Television Producers (MPAA) was formed, in part to lobby for further revisions to the Production Code, particularly to end the ban on nudity, which had clearly disadvantaged American movies 18 BARRY KEITH GRANT in comparison to the more adult sensibility of the European films showing to appreciative audiences in the United States.

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