By Barbara C. Allen
In Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937: lifetime of an outdated Bolshevik, Barbara Allen recounts the political formation and positions of Russian Communist and exchange unionist, Alexander Shlyapnikov. As chief of the Workers’ competition (1919–21), Shlyapnikov referred to as for exchange unions to grasp workers’ mastery over the economic climate. regardless of defeat, he endured to suggest specified perspectives at the Soviet socialist venture that supply a counterpoint to Stalin’s imaginative and prescient. Arrested throughout the nice Terror, he refused to admit to fees he proposal illogical and unsupported by way of facts. not like the traditional ancient and literary depiction of the previous Bolshevik, Shlyapnikov contested Stalin's and the NKVD's build of the appropriate celebration member. Allen carried out broad examine in information of the Soviet Communist celebration and mystery police.
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Extra info for Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937: Life of an Old Bolshevik (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 90)
50 On his way home, local Black Hundreds (reactionary ultra-nationalist monarchists who hated and attacked revolutionaries and Jews) set upon him and beat him brutally, probably having been alerted by police to his release. Neither his confinement nor the attack discouraged him from underground work; these experiences only embittered him more deeply against tsarist authorities. Having renewed ties to socialists, he obtained illegal literature through a network of Murom students in St. 51 In the capital, tensions between the autocracy and society were growing sharper, and soon a key event would increase sympathy for revolutionaries like Shlyapnikov.
By summer 1904, however, he had devised a strategy. Accusing the informer of having given him illegal literature, he insisted that 45 Shliapnikov 1923c, pp. 41–7. Tsarist police records confirm that he studied French in 1904; see Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Rossiiskoi Federatsii (garf), f. 102 (dp), d. 299, i. 25. 46 Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv ekonomiki (rgae), f. 8346, op. 1, d. 38, i. 11, December 1926 (copy). 47 Shliapnikov 1923c; garf, f. 102 (dp), 1904, d. 299, ii. 16–40. 48 Shliapnikov 1923c, p.
Although Tomsky visited France in 1909,58 Russia remained his base of activity, while Shlyapnikov formed close ties to French workers and to other Russians working in France. Shlyapnikov’s record of illegal revolutionary activism in Russia and his association with violent methods made it unlikely the tsarist government could ever allow him a peaceful legal existence in Russia without a term in prison or forced labour in Siberia. Moreover the tsarist government continued to sharply limit the opportunities for civil society to develop in Russia.