African Cultural Astronomy: Current Archaeoastronomy and by Jarita Holbrook, R. Thebe Medupe, Johnson O. Urama

By Jarita Holbrook, R. Thebe Medupe, Johnson O. Urama

This is often the 1st scholarly selection of articles involved in the cultural astronomy of the African continent. It weaves jointly astronomy, anthropology, and Africa and it comprises African myths and legends concerning the sky, alignments to celestial our bodies stumbled on at archaeological websites and at locations of worship, rock paintings with celestial imagery, and clinical pondering published in neighborhood astronomy traditions together with ethnomathematics and the production of calendars.

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Additional resources for African Cultural Astronomy: Current Archaeoastronomy and Ethnoastronomy research in Africa (Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings)

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Africa lies astride the equator and Basil U. Eze Department of Geography and Meteorology, Enugu State, University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria J. Holbrook et al. ), African Cultural Astronomy – Current Archaeoastronomy and Ethnoastronomy Research in Africa. V. 2008 29 30 B. U. Eze extends from about latitude 37◦ N to nearly 35◦ S almost equal distances north and south of the equator. It stretches for a distance of about 8000 km north to south, from Bizerte in Tunis down to Cape Agulhas in South Africa along longitude 20◦ E.

It is also important to note that there could be oral/symbolic documents. Some communities do not know how to read and write. However, they may document events either orally or by symbolic signs. Issues like the periods of eclipse, bizarre climatic changes may be recorded orally, symbolically or by artistic display, for example in some communities the passages of events are known with signs. They tell you when this happened there was a sign to denote it. It is documented but not in written form.

In addition the vegetation cover protects the soil from accelerated soil erosion and helps to regulate the moisture content of the soil. Indeed, the relationship between soil and vegetation is so close that some of the major soil groups, such as rain forest soils and desert soils, are named after the corresponding vegetation zones. Thus the close relationship between climate, vegetation and soil is best confirmed by comparing the generalized soil map of tropical Africa and vegetation. Impliedly, therefore, by this observed relationship, climate, especially the climatic element of rainfall is also the most important factor as far as agriculture is concerned in tropical Africa.

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