By Marian Klamer
Teiwa is a non-Austronesian ('Papuan') language spoken at the island of Pantar, in jap Indonesia, positioned simply north of Timor island. It has approx. 4,000 audio system and is extremely endangered. whereas the non-Austronesian languages of the Alor-Pantar archipelago are basically regarding one another, as indicated by means of the numerous obvious cognates and the very related pronominal paradigms came across around the crew, their genetic dating to different Papuan languages is still debatable. positioned a few 1,000 km from their putative Papuan associates at the New Guinea mainland, the Alor-Pantar languages are the main far away westerly Papuan outliers. A grammar of Teiwa provides a grammatical description of 1 of those 'outlier' languages. The publication is based as a reference grammar: after a normal advent at the language, it audio system and the linguistic scenario on Alor and Pantar, the grammar builds up from an outline of the language's phonology and note sessions to its better grammatical components and their mutual family members: nominal words, serial verb structures, clauses, clause mixtures, and data constitution. whereas many Papuan languages are morphologically advanced, Teiwa is sort of analytic: it has just one paradigm of item marking prefixes, and one verbal suffix marking realis prestige. different typologically fascinating positive factors of the language comprise: (i) the presence of uvular fricatives and forestalls, that's strange for languages of japanese Indonesia; (ii) the absence of trivalent verbs: transitive verbs pick out a unmarried (animate or inanimate) item, whereas the extra player is expressed with a separate predicate; and (iii) the absence of morpho-syntactically encoded embedded clauses. A grammar of Teiwa is predicated on fundamental box information, amassed by way of the writer in 2003-2007. a range of glossed and translated Teiwa texts of assorted style
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Teiwa (Mouton Grammar Library)
A Teiwa prosodic word contains up to three syllables, and maximally one of these — the final one — is a heavy syllable. It has at most three morae. 4. 7 provides a summary. 1. 1. Segment inventory Teiwa has 20 consonants. 1. 1. Teiwa consonant phonemes (orthographic representation in brackets). bilab Stops Nasals Fricatives Approximant Liquids p, b m ȇ (f) w lab cor v t, d n s pal uvul k, g ƾ (ng) q (q) phar glot ȣ ƫ (x) j (y) r,l vel (’) h (h) 38 2. Phonology Teiwa has five cardinal vowels, of which the high ones /i, u/ also show a contrast in length.
4 for discussion and illustrations. Another feature related to the head-final character of Teiwa is that in nominal possessive constructions, possessors always precedes their possessee, as in (6): (6) Rai ga-yaf king 3s-house ‘The king’s house’ In non-possessed NPs, however, the noun is the initial element, as illustrated in (7) and (8). This order does not correlate with the general headfinal (OV) order of Teiwa, although postnominal adjectives and demonstratives are not unusual in languages that are otherwise head-final (compare Dryer 1992, and see Chapter 5).
In the spring of 2004 a first analysis and a first sketch of the grammar of Teiwa was written. In July-August 2004, I returned to Madar (Pantar) with about 100 pages of questions about the material in my corpus, as well as additional questions and topics for elicitation. For three weeks I worked through these questions and topics with the help of a group of consultants. Every day had about 7-8 hours of consultation sessions (in the morning, afternoon, and sometimes also in the evening), with variable groups of twofour native speakers, in changing configurations.